Influenza Home Care flyer
Influenza is spread when a person infected with an influenza virus speaks, coughs, and/or sneezes and sends the flu virus into the air. The virus can enter the nose, throat, and lungs of another person and begins to multiply.
People can also become infected by touching a contaminated surface (e.g., doorknobs, steering wheel, counter tops, etc.), then touching their nose or mouth.
The flu comes on suddenly and causes symptoms like fever, cough, body aches, headache, and fatigue. These symptoms usually last for 3 to 4 days, after which you may have a dry cough, runny nose, and sore or scratchy throat for another week or so. In most healthy people, influenza goes away in 7 to 10 days. People with influenza are infectious and can give the flu virus to others one day before, and up to seven days after, symptoms develop.
Wash your hands often
Cover your cough and sneeze
During a pandemic influenza outbreak, you may be asked to assist public health officials in reducing the spread of disease in our community. If you are asked by public health officials or your healthcare provider to stay home while you or someone you are residing with is ill please take the following precautions to prevent the spread of disease to others in your household:
Get lots of rest and drink plenty of liquids (i.e. water, soups, juices or sports drinks). Avoid drinking coffee, alcohol, and other beverages that may dehydrate you.
You can use over-the counter medication to relieve flu symptoms. In some cases, a doctor or other health care professional may prescribe anti-viral drugs to help treat the flu. Antibiotics DO NOT cure the flu. However, your healthcare provider may prescribe them to treat secondary bacterial infections such as pneumonia.
You can keep a flu home care log. Write down the date, time, temperature, other flu symptoms, medication given, and dosage. Make a new entry every 4 hours or when symptoms change.
Prevent dehydration by giving adequate amounts of liquids at the first sign of flu. Have plenty of ice, water, and light easily digestible foods (such as soups or broth) available. You can reduce a high temperature with fever-reducing medication and/or relieve discomfort by giving a sponge bath with lukewarm water.
Call your doctor or a health care provider if your family member has:
Your doctor or other health care professional can tell you how to treat most symptoms over the phone.
Keep everyone’s personal items (e.g., clothing, personal hygiene items, bedding, etc.) separated. In addition, household members should avoid sharing computers, pens, paper, clothes, towels, sheets, blankets, food, and eating utensils.
Disinfect doorknobs, switches, handles, toys, and other surfaces that are commonly touched around the home.